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CSS Grid Layout Module






Grid Layout

The CSS Grid Layout Module offers a grid-based layout system, with rows and columns, making it easier to design web pages without having to use floats and positioning.

Browser Support

The grid properties are supported in all modern browsers.

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Grid Elements

A grid layout consists of a parent element, with one or more child elements.


<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div >
  <div class="grid-item">2</div >
  <div class="grid-item" > 3</div>
  <div class="grid-item" > 4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div >
  <div class="grid-item" > 6</div>
  <div class="grid-item" > 7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div >
  <div class="grid-item" > 9</div>










Display Property

An HTML element becomes a grid container when its display property is set to grid or inline-grid.


.grid-container {
  display: grid;


.grid-container {
  display: inline-grid;

All direct children of the grid container automatically become grid items.

Grid Columns

The vertical lines of grid items are called columns.

Grid Rows

The horizontal lines of grid items are called rows.

Grid Gaps

The spaces between each column/row are called gaps.

You can adjust the gap size by using one of the following properties:



The grid-column-gap property sets the gap between the columns:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-column-gap: 50px;


The grid-row-gap property sets the gap between the rows:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-row-gap: 50px;


The grid-gap property is a shorthand property for the grid-row-gap and the grid-column-gap properties:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-gap: 50px 100px;


The grid-gap property can also be used to set both the row gap and the column gap in one value:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-gap: 50px;

Grid Lines

The lines between columns are called column lines.

The lines between rows are called row lines.

Refer to line numbers when placing a grid item in a grid container:


Place a grid item at column line 1, and let it end on column line 3:

.item1 {
  grid-column-start: 1;
  grid-column-end : 3;


Place a grid item at row line 1, and let it end on row line 3:

.item1 {
  grid-row-start: 1;
  grid-row-end : 3;